(Present) Perfect Holidays

In the US the holidays are a great example of when to use present perfect in a normal conversation. For folks in Bogota, you can have a similar conversation with foreigners you may see during the holidays. Forgot present perfect? There’s a tutorial for that.

Clark Griswold Christmas Dinner

Clark Griswold Knows About Present Perfect at Xmas

Have you ever celebrated Christmas? (Has celebrado la navidad antes?)

Yes, I have. (Si, la he celebrado)

Have you been with family during Christmas? (Has estado con familia durante la navidad?)

Yes, I have. (Si, he estado con la familia)

Has your family ever made you go crazy during the holidays? (Te ha enloquecido la familia durante la navidad?)

….yes, my family has. (Si, me ha enloquecido) uh oh!


We just used present perfect and it sounded really natural! It is very normal to use present perfect for questions.  More example conversation:

Ya hemos usado el presente perfecto en inglés.  Es muy normal usar presente perfecto para preguntas.  Más ejemplos de perfecto presente en preguntas 

Pepe, have you studied English?  (la estructura de la pregunta: Have/has + SUBJETO + VERBO EN PARTICIPIO PASADO  + OBJETO)

No, I haven’t. (la estructura de la respuesta en negativa:  Si o No, SUBJECT + have/has o haven’t/hasn’t)

Ah, then have you met my English teacher from Bogota Business English Bob?

No, I haven’t.

Has he given you his card?

Bored by Conversation

Don't Bore Your Listeners!

No, he hasn’t. (ojo: 3 ‘no’s en seguida o respuestas cortas puede ser un señal desesperado para terminar la conversación😉 )Pay attention to your listener, don’t bore them!

He should.  Have you eaten at the new restaurant, Crepes and Waffles?

Yes, I have.  (ojo: un ‘yes’ puede ser una buena oportunidad para continuar la conversación, aprovechala.. no tal como la oración siguiente..)

Yeah, I have eaten there too. Delicious! OK, good talking with you. I will go talk with your cousin Pepa.

Whew! Have you had this situation? Have you been the questioner or the responder? We’re reviewing the rules and the structure but it’s up to you to modify your questions to get the most out of conversations!

Uf! Has vivido esta situación? Has sido el interrogador o el interrogado? Repasamos las reglas y estructura del inglés pero siempre te toca modificar tus preguntas  para sacarles el jugo a las conversaciones.

Revisa  las reglas de presente perfecto, preparate con clases también y empezar a practicar en conversación.

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